Croatia is a country with a rich hunting tradition, attractive hunting areas and diverse wildlife. Modern organized hunting in Croatia began in 1881 and by then hunting had adouble role throughout the history. The majority of poorer and mainly rural population found hunting extremely important for daily survival struggle, since it represented an important food source, while the wealthy aristocratic minority hunted for fun, pleasureor social status confirmation.
In 1881, the Government of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia decided to confirm so called “Hunting Rules” developed by “Society for defense of hunting in the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia” and already in 1882 the society published “The First Common Croatian Hunting and Fishing Cultivation Society Courier ”. Even before these decisions and actions the well-organized hunting already existed, which was mainly due to people from the existing social elite, who have contributed to the common understanding of overall hunting development in Croatia.